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Vertical or Horizontal: Which is the Better Counting Method for the Human Mind?

Not just in school, counting is widely used in our lives. Horizontal counting is what is used in most western countries, as well as some eastern ones. This kind of order is known as a “mental number line”; it describes an important way of representing numbers and quantity in space. It was designed to help people make sense of numbers if quantities are represented spatially as a larger gap between numbers should make them less confusable.

How to Better Prepare Children for Formal Education?

Good preparation plays a key role in the final results of almost every aspect of our lives; before an exam, interview, meeting, etc. Although these seem to be all related to adults, preschool children's preparation for school seems to be of high importance as well; it predicts their future engagement and success in class.

Could Virtual Classrooms Help Preschoolers Develop Reading Skills

When asked to embody the learning environment in a sketch, our minds usually pick a scene in which a child is sitting in a classroom, reading or writing in an open book. Our minds normally link learning with physical classrooms; however, the pandemic has changed several concepts in different domains. In learning, while online learning has become a norm, virtual classrooms have replaced real ones in the space and the role they play.

Could Surprise Enhance Memory?

There was an old, widely-spread trick about a better way to retrieve important, yet hard-to-stick information in exams: switch a ring you usually wear to another finger; during the exam, when you find its place changed, you would recall the piece of information you encoded. Another way we can trick our minds and do better in exams is by implementing surprise while encoding the piece of information, as a new study by University of Manchester neuroscientists has shown. So, how could surprise facilitate learning or memory retrieval?

How Could Associating Brilliance to Men Affect Children’s Choices in STEM?

"Office work is better for women and fieldwork suits men better..." Some of these stereotypes have been rooted in children’s minds from a very young age, leading boys to think they should have or acquire certain traits because lacking them could be problematic. On the other hand, girls are raised with certain ideas about their abilities and what suits them, regardless of what they truly love or have.

Could Watching “Positive” Shark Videos Increase our Acceptance Towards Them?

Needless to say, previous experience shapes future attitudes; when you ask someone who was previously attacked by a dog about their views on dogs, s/he would express worry and annoyance towards them, or maybe other pets as well. The same goes for other experiences, good or bad; the more distant and unreachable the object or animal is, the more danger perceived about them, as it becomes hard to get into contact with them to change our minds.

Bigger Temperature Change Causes Larger Extinction Events

Extinction has always been a source of fear and amazement. While visiting a museum or watching a documentary about extinct species, wonder creeps into our minds and souls as we imagine how these huge creatures had ever lived on the Earth. This amazement exaggerates as we do not know exactly how this happened and what caused such events.

How Could Accidental Slipping Help Improve Motor Learning?

Learning is not only about acquiring knowledge and new information, avoiding mistakes that can cause harm is another key factor, and this works for both cognitive and motor learning. So, while a piece of information about scientific equations would guarantee you a good result in science, slipping or stumbling could help improve and prolong motor learning, according to a new study recently published in eNeuro.

Could Proficiency in Two or More Languages Improve Brain Function?

It is widely believed that active thinkers have better opportunities to maintain good brain health over time. People who keep their minds engaged in recent issues, keep good communication channels with others, have good nutrition, leisure habits, level of education, and keep learning throughout their time. Besides this, could being bilingual have a good effect on brain health and slow down brain aging? That is what a recent study from HSE University in Russia and North Umbria University in the UK has investigated.

Could Video games Help Boost Children's Intelligence?

Nowadays, it is rare to see a child who is not holding a smartphone or a tablet, with his eyes glued to the screen, fully absorbed by what they are watching. Indeed, screen time has been consuming a big chunk of children’s time.

How Can Biodiversity Help Reduce Extinction Risk in Birds?

Mother Nature is such a wholesome structure, in which everything is connected; whether in an apparent or hidden way. While some species are meant to be devoured by others, other species' existence at its core and the diversity they make helps others to survive and reduce their chances of extinction. This link has been highlighted by a new study from the University of Michigan, which found that higher levels of biodiversity, in general, seem to reduce extinction risk in birds.

How Can Language Change to Maximize its Efficiency?

Language and communication are inseparable; daily oral language changes to keep up with the evolving words and expressions, to make communication easier. Likewise, the American Sign Language (ASL), which is used by deaf and hard-of-hearing people and uses visual-gestural modality, has also changed over years to maximize the efficiency of its processing. Researchers in a new study from Boston University published in the journal Cognition suggest this is an evolution to make it easier for people to recognize signs.

Why Is Affective Speech Not Favorited by ASD Toddlers?

Adults usually use a simplified form of affective speech while talking to children to make words more melodic and easier to pronounce. This form of speech is called motherese; the language spoken globally by mothers to their newborns and toddlers in which a horse becomes horsie, a dog becomes doggie, etc. Although this way of communication may be favored by some babies, children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) do not typically respond well to it. A new study published in January 2022 in the journal Nature Human Behavior indicates the reason behind this issue.